What is it and how to make it

Many people who have decided to mine their own cryptocurrency, ask a question that is related to the fact that what is rig in mining? From the English word "rig", meaning "harness, device or rigging", miners call one element of the finished farm, which is necessary in order to carry out the production of cryptocurrency. That is, it is one independent station for cryptocurrency mining, which includes certain elements in its main composition, one of them is:

  1. The motherboard on which the processor and RAM are installed.
  2. One or more power supplies.
  3. Specialized rack on which video cards are installed.

Answering the frequently asked question, how to make a rig for mining, it is necessary to take into account the main components that are listed above. This point is important and you should pay special attention to it if you plan to carry out cryptocurrency mining.

Building a mining platform

Building a mining rig starts with selecting the necessary components. Immediately determine the amount that you are willing to spend and then select the optimal model of the motherboard, power supplies and graphics adapters. Please note that the days when it was possible to mine digital coins on an old PC have long since sunk into oblivion.

Mining is a commercial enterprise, not a hobby of enthusiasts. Here, as in any other business, you need start-up capital. Saving money when implementing the process of assembling a mining rig can lead to the fact that the resulting farm will not be able to recoup the costs for a long period of time.

Therefore, in this matter, it is necessary to carefully choose the components when creating a mining rig.

Basic components

To properly assemble the rig for mining, you will need the following basic components:

  • A motherboard that has < strong>4-6 slots < strong>PCI & mdash;E.
  • Video cards from 4 pieces (AMD from RX 5500XT and above or Nvidia from GTX 1660 and above).
  • A power supply that has a power rating of at least 1000 W or two PSUs with a power of 600 W or more.
  • A processor that matches the available motherboard.
  • RAM (RAM), recommended from 4-8 GB.
  • A hard drive (HDD) of at least 32 GB, or even better, take an SSD.

A very large hard drive is not required at all, here you can just save money. But, after installing the Windows operating system, there should be at least 16 GB of free space (and even more is better) for the swap file.

Housing assembly

The housing for your own farm can be made independently from < strong>bars and corners. This procedure, with the right approach, does not take much time and does not require high monetary costs. The drawing of Riga for mining with dimensions allows you to perform an optimal and reliable design that can effectively perform all the tasks. The dimensions of the lower tier of the frame for a 6-card farm are approximately 70 by 35 cm.

The second tier is located at a height of about 25 cm, here you need to set the bar for the risers. The bar on the opposite side, designed for fixing video cards, is attached 12 cm higher. If space allows, make the frame as long as possible so that the graphics adapters do not stand too tightly. So they will warm up less and last longer. Make the distance between the first and second tier sufficient so that the power supplies can be put on one side, and not put. This way they won't blow the cards with hot air. But make sure that the USB risers of all video cards are freely connected to the motherboard. If the frame is made of aluminum, you need dielectric legs for the motherboard.

Configuring and installing programs

Instead of Windows, you can use a specialized mining operating system, such as Hive OS. In this case, the miner does not need to independently mark up the disk to set the desired size of the swap file, set the power supply mode and download utilities for mining. In Hive or RaveOS, all this is already configured and is included. You only need to specify a username and password or a hash id of the farm and then configure mining for a specific pool and adjust the overclocking parameters.

The first releases of mining axes worked only with a USB flash drive, now they are easily put on an SSD or a regular hard drive. You can monitor the operation of the farm and change the settings from another computer or smartphone, through a special application.

Main mining programs:

  • PhoneixMiner;
  • T-Rex;
  • Gminer;
  • TeamRedMiner;
  • SRBminer.

When choosing a pool for mining, it is worth considering the network complexity and the pool mining speed relative to the coin network. There are large popular pools, such as Ethermine and Sparkpool. However, if you are going to mine the Ethereum cryptocurrency, we recommend that you pay attention to the server for collective mining of the Binance crypto exchange launched in this case.

Here you don't even need to create a separate wallet. After registration, you will be able to work under your username and earnings, regardless of the amount, will be transferred to your personal account on the pool. At any time, this money can be withdrawn without any commission to a personal exchange deposit and exchanged for fiat or other crypto. Well, if you want to save coins for a long time, the exchange provides an opportunity to participate in the support of the Ethereum 2.0 network. You can also withdraw the earned assets to your personal wallet Trust Wallet or MEW. And also in this pool there is a branch for Bitcoin mining and its forks, but only ASIC miners can work there.

List of popular pools:

  • Binance pool
  • NanoPool
  • F2pool
  • Hiveon
  • Ethermine

You can monitor mining and payouts while working in Windows via the pool site or the mining monitoring utility from your mobile phone.

Purchase of a ready-made mining rig

One of the simplest and most optimal options is to buy ready-made equipment for mining in special retail outlets. The price of such equipment will significantly depend on the parameters of the components that are in its composition.

The cost of mining equipment also depends on the cost of the Top coins, because the number of miners varies significantly. With the price decline of the cryptocurrency, the cost of specialized mining equipment is significantly reduced. And when the cryptocurrency market, for example, as it is now, is in an uptrend. We have repeatedly warned readers that it is better to enter mining during periods of decline, when video cards and other equipment are relatively inexpensive and always available. Now even outdated models of cards suitable for mining, such as the RX 570/580 and GTX 1060/1080 are offered at cosmic prices, but it is probably not worth buying them. It is better to wait for the market to stabilize and buy cards of newer series. However, let everyone decide for themselves. Have a good mining experience!